Below is the result of your feedback form. It was submitted by XXXXXXXX on Sunday, December 6, 2009 at 16:10:45 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- My_question_is: Both question: I am a Canadian citizen. I work in the US(W-4; no income in Canada. I own a house in Canada. In order to do my job I had to rent an apartment in in the US. Canadian taxes: can I get a deduction for the rent that I pay here in the US? Thank you. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
david ingram replies:
If you have just taken a job on a temporary or long term basis in the US with the intention to return to live in Canada as soon as possible and your spouse and children have remained in Canada with no intention of following you to the US,you are a factual resident of Canada and likely taxable in Canada. If this is the case, your US Federal taxes, US Medicare, US FICA (Social Security) and Connecticut State and maybe New York state taxes are a foreign tax credit on schedules 2209 and 2036 of your Canadian return as a foreign tax credit.
If you are down in the US and intend to stay in the US and are working at getting your spouse and children down to join you, then you are a factual resident subject to Article IV of the US / Canada tax treaty and would not be taxable in Canada. You would report the US earned income on line 104 and subtract it again on line 256.
The rent on the apartment and your back and forth expenses to Canada are NOT deductible in either case on either the Canada or the US 1040 as described.
Hope this helps.
An older Q & A follows as well. We are here to help you with your returns when the time comes.
david ingram replies:
I am surprised that you are on an H1B. I would have thought that the hotel would have transferred you on an L1 visa which is easier and faster for a manager with a multinational corporation.
If your intention is to stay in the US and you are waiting for your wife and children to join you, then you are a factual resident of Canada who has to file a Canadian return but would exempt everything on Line 256 under Article IV of the US / Canada Income Convention (Treaty). It helps in this case if your family flies down to join you in the US as often as you fly home.
If you are not intending to stay in the US and are just there for a short time and your family has no intention of moving, you are likely taxable in Canada because you are really commuting to a job in the USA.
You would likely do well to spend a few dollars and spend an hour with me. The difference is thousands because you get to file a joint return in California.
This older question will help as well
david ingram replies:
I agree that you are a factual resident of Canada BUT, and it is a BIG BUT, you are A FACTUAL RESIDENT SUBJECT TO THE BENEFITS OF A TAX TREATY as described in the government's own T1 General guide.
For the 2005 year it is the top left hand paragraph "D" on page 10.
1. File the Canadian returns and report all of your income and exempt it all on line 256 under Article IV of the US / Canada Income Tax Convention (Treaty).
3. You can't be under the treaty - However, intent is important. If your wife is just studying and intending to move to the US when finished and you have a green card application in process, you are absolutely (in my opinion) only taxable in the US. It also helps if she spends as much or more time visiting you in the US as you spend coming up to Canada to visit her. I tell people in your position to stay out of Canada and have your family visit you in the US.
4. I disagree if you are intending to stay in the USA. -- If, on the other hand, there was never any intention to stay in the USA and you are intending to come back to Canada in a year and your wife never visited you in the USA and you made no effort to get a green card, the CRA might have a point but only might. Your physical presence in the US clearly makes you a taxable resident of the US. Your job means that your financial affairs are in The US. It would help if you had filed a factual return each year since you left.
6. That is his job. Hopefully, the arbitrary assessments they have sent you are new enough you can file formal notices of objection - i.e. within 90 days of their issuance.
Get the returns done ASAP. Glad to to do them for you if necessary.
david ingram replies:
If you were separated, there would be no problem.
However, as a married couple, the CRA will want to tax your wife on the basis that her family ties are in Canada BUT is she has her daughter with her AND if 'you' visit her in the US four times to one rather than her "coming home' every couple of weeks, she should be considered factual resident of Canada whose US income is exempt from Canadian tax under Article IV of the US / Canada Income Tax treaty.
Article IV of the Treaty reads as follows:
1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "resident" of a Contracting State means any person that, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of that person's domicile, residence, citizenship, place of management, place of incorporation or any other criterion of a similar nature, but in the case of an estate or trust, only to the extent that income derived by the estate or trust is liable to tax in that State, either in its hands or in the hands of its beneficiaries. For the purposes of this paragraph, an individual who is not a resident of Canada under this paragraph and who is a United States citizen or an alien admitted to the United States for permanent residence (a "green card" holder) is a resident of the United States only if the individual has a substantial presence, permanent home or habitual abode in the United States, and that individual's personal and economic relations are closer to the United States than to any third State. The term "resident" of a Contracting State is understood to include:
(a) the Government of that State or a political subdivision or local authority thereof or any agency or instrumentality of any such government, subdivision or authority, and
(i) a trust, organization or other arrangement that is operated exclusively to administer or provide pension, retirement or employee benefits; and
(ii) a not-for-profit organization
that was constituted in that State and that is, by reason of its nature as such, generally exempt from income taxation in that State.
2. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined as follows:
(a) he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both States or in neither State, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
(b) if the Contracting State in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which he has an habitual abode;
(c) if he has an habitual abode in both States or in neither State, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State of which he is a citizen; and
(d) if he is a citizen of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.
3. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a company is a resident of both Contracting States, then if it was created under the laws in force in a Contracting State, it shall be deemed to be a resident of that State. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a company that was created in a Contracting State, that is a resident of both Contracting States and that is continued at any time in the other Contracting State in accordance with the corporate law in that other State shall be deemed while it is so continued to be a resident of that other State.
4. Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an estate, trust or other person (other than an individual or a company) is a resident of both Contracting States, the competent authorities of the States shall by mutual agreement endeavor to settle the question and to determine the mode of application of the Convention to such person.
5. Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraphs, an individual shall be deemed to be a resident of a Contracting State if:
(a) the individual is an employee of that State or of a political subdivision, local authority or instrumentality thereof rendering services in the discharge of functions or a governmental nature in the other Contracting State or in a third State; and
(b) the individual is subjected in the first-mentioned State to similar obligations in respect of taxes on income as are residents of the first-mentioned State.
The spouse and dependent children residing with such an individual and meeting the requirements of subparagraph (b) above shall also be deemed to be residents of the first-mentioned State.
Under these circumstances, she can even file in the US as a head of household (with a non-resident non US citizen spouse with no US income) which will give her a very good US tax rate.
Phone Gillian Bryan at 604-980-0321 between 10:30 and 4 PM to make an appointment to see me if you wish. Pricing, etc., follows:
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Catch - up returns for the US where we use the Canadian return as a guide for seven years at a time will be from $150 to $600.00 per year depending upon numbers of bank accounts, RRSP's, existence of rental houses, self employment, etc. Note that these returns tend to be informational rather than taxable. In fact, if there are children involved, we usually get refunds of $1,000 per child per year for 3 years. We have done several catch-ups where the client has received as much as $6,000 back for an $1,800 bill and one recently with 6 children is resulting in over $12,000 refund.
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